I've got Carol's character Lillian on the couch today. Lillian is a 15-year-old, light-skinned black girl living in the Jim Crow South in the 1950s. Her father owns a funeral home and her mother was the first colored hat check girl in their town. She heard about her older cousin's "passing" (crossing over into the white world) and wonders if she should try it, but she's scared she won't belong in either the black or white world completely. She wants what white girls her age have, but doesn't want to pretend to be someone she's not.
Carol wants to know: How do I write Lillie's story as a white author?
I think this is such a great, honest question...and one you should be commended for asking. It's great to acknowledge up front that you come from a completely different background than your character and you are at a loss as to how to give her voice of her own, authentic and organic to who she is.
Plenty of authors, though, venture out into this unknown, and I'll be opening up the comment section to them to give their pearls of wisdom to you as well.
Second-hand retelling is better than nothing. Read autobiographies by black women (or men, even). A cursory Google search lit up my screen with possibilities. Read newspaper accounts in your library (fun times ahead with microfiche for you!) from that time period to give you a flavor of the social constructs and period issues dealt with back then.
A guided imagery exercise might be beneficial. Finding common ground to write from might be easier than you think. First of all, you and Lillie do share the same sex, and once upon a time, you were 15 years old. So I'd encourage you to mentally go back in time to think about the kinds of things you enjoyed as a young girl back then. Aside from concerning themselves with lack of equality and segregation, black girls back then were probably just as into hair styles, boys, religion, books, and media influences (movies, etc) as white girls. Lillie might have different worries and concerns from you, but she still had similar interests.
When I'm in session with a woman whose gender is basically all we have in common, I try to find similarities with which to approach her, whether that's the fact we both have a child or we both have lost our grandparents or we both shop at the Target dollar aisle...anything to connect and get her to start talking.
You've got to connect with Lillie...and she'll start talking to you.
Best of luck with this story!
Let's Analyze: Any suggestions you authors out there have for how to write a main character who is fundamentally different from you?